Kristallnacht Night of Broken Glass
November 9, 1938

Surely this is the beginning of the end
Outside they are howling in the street
Broken glass everywhere

Books burned
My business destroyed
Humiliated and assaulted

Remember this night
Official beginning of war against the Jews
Goebbels’ pogrom; the threat

Of international Jewry
Synagogues destroyed 101
Businesses destroyed 7,500

Jewish souls arrested 26,000
Sent to camps
Dead 91

What kind of threat are we?
To the Future –
Remember this:

They took our property our livelihood
It began with greed
Emptied out into evil

It has a face
Passive and blank
A hollow nation

Light candles
Remember us
Do not respect the darkness


Three days after Kristallnacht, on November 12, Goering called a meeting of the top Nazi leadership to assess the damage and discuss strategy. Goering, Goebbels, Reinhard Heydrich, Walter Funk and other high Nazi officials.

The intent of this meeting: shift responsibility for Kristallnach to the Jews, and to create strategy using the events of Kirstallnacht to promote a series of antisemitic laws designed to remove Jews from the German economy.

An interpretive transcript of this meeting is provided by Robert Conot, Justice at Nuremberg, New York: Harper and Row, 1983:164-172:

“Gentlemen! Today’s meeting is of a decisive nature,’ Goering announced. “I have received a letter written on the Fuehrer’s orders requesting that the Jewish question be now, once and for all, coordinated and solved one way or another. Since the problem is mainly an economic one, it is from the economic angle it shall have to be tackled.”

“[The Holocaust] was not only genocide, but it was also the greatest theft in history.”
– Natan Sharansky, Chairman of Jewish Agency, NY Times, May 3, 2011.